Kelli Ryckman, associate professor of epidemiology and pediatrics, will be the 2016 – 2017 State Hygienic Laboratory Environmental and Public Health Ambassador.
Ryckman, who specializes in understanding genetic and metabolic predicators of preterm birth, will serve in the honorary position to help raise awareness of the public health laboratory system and its role in assuring the health of Iowans.
An open house to welcome Ryckman is scheduled for 3 – 4:30 p.m. on Thursday, Aug. 4 at the State Hygienic Laboratory on the UI Research Park Campus in Coralville.
“Dr. Ryckman’s research into how we can improve birth outcomes dovetails perfectly with the Hygienic Laboratory’s focus on maternal and newborn screening,” said State Hygienic Laboratory Director Christopher Atchison. “We look forward to expanding our work with Dr. Ryckman to further improve birth outcomes in Iowa.”
Ryckman has authored many studies, including research of metabolic profiles and gestation. She collaborated with the State Hygienic Laboratory and the Iowa Newborn Screening Program on the study.
Also scheduled for 2 – 4:30 p.m. on Aug. 4 is a visit to the laboratory by the UI Mobile Museum, which brings university artifacts, research and interactive displays to communities across the state. The Hygienic Laboratory’s Ambient Air Quality program is featured in one of this year’s displays. Since April 2016, the Mobile Museum has traveled 4,366 miles and attracted 10,413 visitors.
In many ways, West Liberty is a typical small Iowa town. The main street of this east-central Iowa community boasts a movie theater, hair salons, several restaurants, and other small businesses. What sets the town of 3,700 residents apart are its demographics—West Liberty is the first Iowa town to have a majority Latino population.
West Liberty is just one reflection of Iowa’s increasing diversity. From 2000 to 2014, the state’s Latino population grew 110 percent and now makes up 5.6 percent of Iowa’s total population.
The town’s diversity often attracts groups wanting to offer health care or other social services. However, says Jason Daniel-Ulloa, clinical assistant professor with the Department of Community and Behavioral Health, successful programs depend on trust that’s built with the community over time.
“You have to be present,” says Daniel-Ulloa. “You can’t roll in from out oftown, put up a couple of fliers, and have people to show up to your meeting.”
Concern about Cancer
In 2012, a team of College of Public Health investigators, including Daniel-Ulloa, began studying cancer issues and priorities in the state’s Latino population with funding from the Iowa Cancer Consortium. Cancer is the leading cause of death among Latinos, according to the American Cancer Society.
The researchers narrowed their focus to West Liberty, where they partnered with residents on community-based participatory research in cancer prevention. St. Joseph’s church, the local Catholic parish, has been an important partner in facilitating the effort.
“The church is a gathering place for the Latino community,” says Rev. Greg Steckel, pastor at St. Joseph, who helped identify a group of six church members to take part in a Photovoice project.
The participants took photos of what they perceived to be barriers to cancer prevention, then held group discussions. To disseminate the results of the project back to the community, a bilingual forum was held in in 2014, drawing about 50 residents. The forum revealed a community concern about cervical cancer, which had caused several residents’ recent deaths.
“The Photovoice project demonstrated that people get enough information about cancer to be afraid of it, but don’t really know what to do about it,” says Daniel-Ulloa.
Based on that feedback, the team developed a human papillomavirus (HPV) education intervention. HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States and can cause cervical and other cancers. The HPV vaccine, given in a series of three doses over six months, protects against HPV-related cancers. The CDC recommends vaccination for all boys and girls ages 11 or 12, as well as catch-up vaccines for males through age 21 and for females through age 26 if they didn’t get vaccinated as adolescents. (See a related story about an HPV vaccine study on page 21.)
The intervention included the video Tamale Lesson, which uses storytelling to educate viewers about cervical cancer prevention and screening. Group discussions helped define what people did and didn’t know about cancer, HPV, and the vaccine.
“What was a revelation to me is that there’s a stigma attached to cancer in the Latino community that is culturally sensitive,” notes Steckel. “Cancer has a sense of guilt attached to it—that you must have done something to get this. That gray area is true for everyone, but it’s accentuated in the Latino community.”
A Sustainable Solution
The research team is now working to provide free HPV vaccinations to West Liberty residents. The effort is part of a pilot study intervention funded by the Cancer Prevention and Control Research Network and administered through the UI Prevention Research Center.
Another partner in the effort is the University of Iowa Mobile Clinic, a student-run organization that provides free basic health services to underserved populations. The clinic visits West Liberty every month.
The goal is to make the intervention sustainable by training a community health worker within the church who can conduct information sessions about HPV vaccination and direct people to resources.
“We’re trying to get people to get the first shot in the Mobile Clinic, then refer them to a nearby pharmacy or someplace they can get in and out with little paperwork and wait time,” explains Daniel-Ulloa. “The biggest barrier for the community is time. When you’re working hourly and the clinic closes before you get off work, it costs you money [to take time off].”
The researchers will track how many people receive the vaccine as a result of the intervention.
Building Trust, Embracing Ambiguity
As Daniel-Ulloa noted earlier, gaining a community’s trust doesn’t happen overnight.
“You have to take the time to get to know people and build relationships,” says Steckel, who has lived in West Liberty for more than three years and has worked with Daniel-Ulloa for much of that time. “You can’t come in and say you have all the answers. If you try to dominate the situation, you’ll run into resistance.”
“We found people who the community trusts,” Daniel-Ulloa says of the process. “We sat down with them and asked, What do you want us to do? And then you do it. You make an impact by creating relationships, being present in the community, and caring.”
Once relationships are established, cultural differences can still present some unexpected challenges. Meetings, for instance, may veer wildly from an outside organizer’s agenda.
“Latin America is built on a communal experience,” explains Daniel-Ulloa. “That’s why you talk for 45 minutes before you get down to business.”
Steckel echoes that events flow at their own pace, which runs counter to the time-conscious Anglo culture. “Leadership is also very fluid,” adds Steckel, who is Anglo. “You can easily be offended and offensive. I’ve learned to be aware of my own prejudices. I have different expectations, but I have to embrace the ambiguity.”
“You can’t plan everything,” Daniel- Ulloa agrees. “You can try, but you have to understand that it will disintegrate. And that’s difficult for providers. We train providers to be very uncomfortable with ambiguity.
“And that is the opposite of what you need to work in the community,” Daniel-Ulloa continues. “It’s more than being okay with ambiguity, you have to like it. Because it’s exciting. You have to be ready to change the course of the program.
“Set your eyes on the big goal you’re trying to get to,” Daniel-Ulloa advises, “and be creative about how you know that you’re getting there.”
This story originally appeared in the Spring 2016 issue of InSight
Public health works 24/7 to protect and improve people’s health. Often, however, that work is overlooked or unrecognized. Beginning April 4, as part of National Public Health Week and CPH Research Week, we’re taking time to say Thanks, Public Health for the invaluable contributions public health makes every day through research, policy, and practice.
Via Facebook and Twitter, the College of Public Health will be sharing photos, videos, GIFs, and stories showing some of the ways that public health makes a difference in all our lives.
You’re invited to join us in social media to help spread the love for public health. Here’s how you can take part:
- Follow the College of Public Health’s Facebook and Twitter accounts, so you can see what’s being shared and add your voice to the mix.
- Like and share our Thanks, Public Health posts on our Facebook page.
- Help spread the word through our Twitter account (and yours, too!).
- Let us know what you’re thankful for – submit your Thanks, Public Health story or photo via Facebook or Twitter, and use the #thxpublichealth hashtag.
- The first 10 people to post a #thxpublichealth story/message on the college’s Facebook page or Tweet with the #thxpublichealth hashtag will receive a FREE UI College of Public Health T-shirt!
- During National Public Health Week (April 4-8), look for the Thanks, Public Health chalkboard kiosk in the CPHB Atrium and add your own #thxpublichealth message! We want this chalkboard to have messages from every department, degree program, research project, and center to help demonstrate the tremendous diversity and reach of public health. We’ll be visiting the kiosk throughout the week and sharing photos of great messages.
- There’ll also be a “selfie station” at the kiosk to make sharing your message even easier!
- Have fun with it!