Researchers from the University of Iowa, in collaboration with the West Liberty Coalition, are conducting a random house-to-house survey in West Liberty.
“Our hope is that the survey is a first step towards meaningful actions that will improve life in West Liberty,” says CPH Assistant Professor Paul Gilbert. The information will be used to plan future activities in the community.
A team of researchers from the University of Iowa College of Public Health recently published a study showing lagging uptake of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine in men and racial/ethnic disparities among women.
The study, published in the February edition of the American Journal of Public Health, shows that only 5% of young men reported ever receiving the HPV vaccine, with no differences in uptake by race/ethnicity or sexual orientation. However 30% of young women reported receiving at least one dose of HPV vaccine, with women of color having lower odds of initiating and completing the vaccine series compared with White women.
Paul Gilbert, assistant professor in the Department of Community and Behavioral Health and co-author of the study, thinks the main reason that uptake is substantially lower among males is that the vaccines were originally licensed only for use in girls and young women.
“Now the vaccine is recommended for both boys and girls, young women and young men,” Gilbert says. “The messaging has also changed. HPV vaccine is now presented as cancer-prevention rather than STI-prevention.”
HPV vaccines have proved to be effective in preventing infection and are expected to reduce incidence of cancers caused by the virus. The vaccines do not prevent other sexually transmitted diseases, nor do they treat existing HPV infections or HPV-related disease.
Jason Daniel-Ulloa, assistant research scientist in the Department of Community and Behavioral Health and study co-author, says the reasons for the vaccination disparities among women are more difficult to pin down and may relate to socio-economic and cultural barriers to access.
“Of course the ultimate goal is to increase uptake of the vaccine among these populations,” he says. “This means working with communities to identify unique barriers to vaccination and addressing them by building partnerships between communities, public health departments, and clinics.”
According to the researchers, this may have been the first study to generate population estimates of HPV vaccination by gender, race/ethnicity, and sexual identity. The team used data from the 2013 National Health Interview Survey, a cross-sectional survey of the noninstitutionalized US population with oversampling of racial/ethnic minorities. The analytic sample consisted of 3441 women and 3003 men aged 18 to 30 years, of whom 51% and 53% were non-Hispanic White, respectively.
Edith Parker, professor and head of community and behavioral health and director of the UI’s Prevention Research Center for Rural Health, is also co-author of the study.
Discrimination and Drinking:
A Systematic Review of the Evidence
When: Wednesday, November 18, from 11:30AM—12:30PM
Where: CPHB C217AB
Dr. Paul Gilbert, Assistant Professor in the CBH department, will be presenting findings from a systematic review that he and colleagues conducted on the association between discrimination and alcohol outcomes. This meeting will focus specifically on racial/ethnic and sexual orientation discrimination.
Sponsored by the Department of Community and Behavioral Health
The Health Equity Advancement Lab (HEAL) seeks to improve health through community-engaged public health research with communities who experience health inequities. It is led by Drs. Barbara Baquero, Jason Daniel-Ulloa, and Briana Woods-Jaeger.
Dr. Gilbert conducts research to understand and address alcohol-related disparities. He is particularly interested in the ways that gender, race/ethnicity, and sexual orientation shape drinking patterns, risk of alcohol use disorders, and utilization of treatment services. Current projects include an NIH-funded study to test an explanatory model of alcohol treatment disparities, a New Faculty Research Award from the College of Public Health to identify and describe the strategies people use to overcome alcohol problems when they don’t utilize treatment services, and an evaluation of Iowa’s social host liability law that’s supported by the Iowa Institute of Public Health Research and Policy.
A secondary line of research focuses on improving the health of immigrant Latino communities in non-traditional migration destinations through participatory, action-oriented research. Working with the West Liberty Coalition, a community-academic partnership in Iowa’s first majority-Latino rural town, Dr. Gilbert led a community survey to identify strengths and health concerns.