Emergency department patients at rural hospitals using telemedicine see a clinician six minutes sooner than patients in hospitals that have no such technology, a new study from University of Iowa shows. And if that first clinician assessment is through a telemedicine encounter, the door-to-provider time is shortened by nearly 15 minutes, says study lead author Nicholas Mohr, MD, an emergency physician and associate professor at the Carver College of Medicine at the University of Iowa.
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Rural hospitals using telemedicine services reduce the time between patients entering the emergency department to receiving physician care by six minutes, according to a new study led by University of Iowa researchers.
The research team, headed by Nicholas Mohr, UI associate professor of emergency medicine and anesthesia, measured the impact of emergency department (ED)-based telemedicine services on timeliness of care in rural hospitals. The study looked at data collected from 14 hospitals in Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota that subscribe to telemedicine services from a single ED-based telemedicine provider. The team matched 2,857 emergency department cases that used telemedicine services with non-telemedicine controls.
The results, published online Jan. 2 in Telemedicine and e-Health, showed that telemedicine decreased door-to-provider time by six minutes. This provider could be either a local provider physically assessing the patient or a telemedicine provider—whoever was available first. The first provider seeing the patient was a telemedicine provider in 41.7 percent of telemedicine encounters, and in these cases, telemedicine was 14.7 minutes earlier than local providers.
The researchers also noted that among patients who were transferred to other hospitals, ED length-of-stay at the first hospital was shorter in patients who had telemedicine consulted. The authors suggest that this reduced time may be due to remotely located staff completing administrative and charting tasks, allowing local staff to concentrate on patient care.
The study team included Tracy Young, Karisa Harland, and Marcia Ward from the University of Iowa; and Brian Skow, Amy Wittrock, and Amanda Bell from Avera eCare.
The project was supported by the Health Resources and Services Administration of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the analysis was conducted by the Rural Telehealth Research Center at the University of Iowa.
In 2010, the National Organization of State Offices of Rural Health (NOSORH) created National Rural Health Day as a way to applaud the ongoing efforts, contributions, and collaborations occurring in rural communities to address the unique challenges in accessing and delivering health care services.
This year’s national events will highlight the Power of Rural. Here are a few ways to join in:
- Twitter Chats: Topics will focus on workforce development, the social determinants of health, and behavioral health Nov. 13-16.
- 30-Minute Webinars: Tune into three live webinars on rural health hot topics on Nov. 16.
- More events and info: https://nosorh.org/
CPH and Rural Health
In the College of Public Health, three Collective Areas of Excellence — Rural Health, Comparative Effectiveness Research, and Community Engagement — inform collegiate growth and innovation in research, academics, and outreach for public health impact.
We’re proud to be home to numerous experts, centers, studies, and projects that focus on the health and well-being of rural populations. Here’s just a sample of some of our recent work:
- Mueller discusses challenges facing rural hospitals
- Fluharty comments on the rural higher-ed crisis
- UI report addresses prescription opioid, heroin epidemic in Iowa
- Ward discusses NQF quality measurement framework plan for telehealth
- MPH student initiates new study on rural mental health care
- Janssen will discuss local food, big ag at Science on Tap
- Youth groups encourage farmer safety
- MRASH conference meets Nov. 14-15 in Pella
- Thorne: Rural areas face environmental challenges
- Active Ottumwa helps residents get more physically active
- Mueller discusses rural health care at Georgia task force meeting
Lauren Pass, an MPH student in community and behavioral health, is the principal investigator of a new study examining how anxious and depressive disorders are managed in rural cardiovascular disease patients. Under the guidance of Dr. Korey Kennelty, assistant professor in the UI College of Pharmacy and co-investigator, the study utilizes patient interviews to identify mental health care needs in high-risk rural Iowa populations.
“Cardiovascular disease and mood disorders often go hand-in-hand,” says Pass. “Patients with mood disorders are at higher risk for developing cardiovascular disease and often have poorer cardiac outcomes than those without mood disorders. For rural patients, access to mental health care can be scarce, so it’s important that we identify ways of improving the delivery of mental health care within the settings most widely available to patients — their primary care clinics.”
The study is sub-project of the Improved Cardiovascular Risk Reduction to Enhance Rural Primary Care (ICARE) clinical trial lead by Dr. Barry Carter in the UI College of Pharmacy. The study examined whether clinical pharmacists can be implemented in primary care offices to improve the care of patients at risk for developing cardiovascular disease.
UI College of Public Health 2017 Distinguished Faculty Lecture
Telehealth in the Rural Emergency Department: Using Mixed Methods to Explore Benefits
Marcia Ward, PhD
Professor and Interim Head, Department of Health Management and Policy
College of Public Health, The University of Iowa
Wednesday, August 30
N110 College of Public Health Building
A reception will follow in the CPHB atrium.